Morphological classification of languages ??- typological classification of planet languages ??based on the principles of morphological structure of words.

According to this classification, all languages ??are divided into: root, agglutinative, inflectional and polysynthetic.

Root languages

In root languages, words usually do not break down into morphemes: roots and affixes. Words of such languages ??are morphologically unformed units including indefinite words in the Ukrainian language there, right here, from where, where. The root languages ??are Vietnamese, Burmese, Old Chinese, largely modern Chinese. Grammatical relations between words in these languages ??are transmitted by intonation, service words, word order.

Agglutinative languages

Agglutinative languages ??incorporate Turkic and Finno-Ugric languages. In their structure, furthermore to the root, there are actually affixes (each word-changing and word-forming). The peculiarity of affixes in these languages ??is the fact that each and every affix is ??unambiguous, ie every of them serves to express only one grammatical meaning, with what ever root it is combined. This can be how they differ from inflectional languages, in which the affix acts as a carrier of several grammatical meanings at after.

Inflectional languages

Inflectional languages ??- languages ??in which the major role inside the expression of grammatical meanings is played by inflection (ending). Inflectional languages ??include Indo-European and Semitic-Hamitic. Unlike agglutinative languages, where affixes are unambiguous, common and mechanically attached to complete words, in inflectional languages ??the ending is ambiguous, non-standard, joins the base, which can be normally not utilised without inflection, and organically merges with the base, forming a single alloy, as a result, several changes can take place in the junction of morphemes. The formal interpenetration of contacting morphemes, which leads to the blurring of your boundaries amongst them, is known as fusion. Hence the second name of inflectional languages ??- fusion.

Polysynthetic languages

Polysynthetic, or incorporating – languages ??in which diverse parts of a sentence in the form of amorphous base words are combined into a single complicated, comparable to complex words. Hence, in the language from the Aztecs (an Indian people living in Mexico), the word-sentence pinakapilkva, which indicates I consume meat, was formed in the composition from the words pi – I, nakatl – meat and kvya – to consume. Such a word corresponds to our sentence. This can be explained by the fact that in polysynthetic languages ??various objects of action and circumstances in which the action takes place might be expressed not by person members with the sentence (applications, circumstances), but by distinctive affixes which might be aspect of verb types. In portion, the verb forms include the subject.

Typological classification of languages ??- a classification based on the identification of similarities and differences inside the structure of languages, irrespective of their genetic relatedness.

Thus, if the genealogical classification unites languages ??by their origin, then the typological classification divides languages ??by the features of essay help their structure, no matter their origin and location in space. Along with the term typological classification of languages, the term morphological classification is generally used as a synonym. Such use of the term morphological classification of languages ??rather than typological classification of languages ??is unjustified and inappropriate for various causes. 1st, the word morphological is linked in linguistics together with the term morphology, which suggests the grammatical doctrine in the word along with the structure in the word, not the language as a complete. By the way, some linguists comprehend the morphological classification: speaking of morphological, or typological, classification, we imply the classification of languages ??on the basis of morphological structure, word type. In fact, the typological classification goes far beyond morphology. Secondly, in recent years, quite a few varieties of typological classification have turn into increasingly typical: morphological, syntactic, phonetic, and so on.